史上最野蛮野火盘点 天堂镇Camp Fire已成加州野火死亡人数之最

洪水、野火、疾病、饥饿等等自然灾害,一直伴随着人类历史。最近加州天堂镇(Paradise)的野火Camp Fire,据悉已经摧毁了超过10000间建筑,火灾面积超过142000英亩。四个小时车程以外的旧金山湾区也是乌烟瘴气,据说空气质量糟糕程度居然第一次超过了中国和印度等许多地区。

英文媒体是这样描述的:The Camp Fire, burning in Butte County, is now the deadliest and most destructive fire in California history. As of Friday, Nov. 16, the Camp Fire has injured at least five firefighters and burned more than 10,000 structures since it began on Thursday, Nov. 8.

目前已有至少66人死亡,600多人失踪,惨状真是不言而喻。那么这次令人焦头烂额的野火,在人类历史上有记载的野蛮野火中野蛮程度能名列第几呢?请看下表:

根据烧毁面积(英亩)统计的史上十五大野火

排名 野火 地区 面积(英亩)
1 2003 Siberian Taiga Fires Russia 47,000,000
2 2014 Northwest Territories Fires Canada 8,400,000
3 The 1989 Manitoba Fires Canada 8,105,000
4 1939 Black Friday Bushfire Australia 5,000,000
5 The Great Fire of 1919 Canada 5,000,000
6 1950 Chinchaga Fire Canada 4,000,000
7 2010 Bolivia Forest Fires Bolivia 3,700,000
8 1910 Great Fire United States 3,000,000
9 1939 Black Friday Bush Fires Australia 2,000,000
10 2011 Richardson Backcountry Fire Canada 1,700,000
11 1871 Peshitgo Fire United States 1,500,000
12 2016 Fort McMurray Fires Canada 1,434,780
13 2008 California Summer Wildfires United States 1,375,781
14 2005 Taylor Complex Fire United States 1,305,592
15 2009 Black Saturday Fire Australia 1,100,000

具体到加州,这次的Camp Fire面积可能不是最大的,但是死亡人数已经超过66,创下了历史之最。统计数据是这样的:

人类在自然灾害面前总是如此渺小和无能为力。爱护环境,爱护大自然,为生命祈祷!


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